Myofunctional therapy is based on a series of exercises that help patients learn to change bad habits. According to the Acadamy of Oral Myofunctional Therapy,
“Orofacial Myofunctional therapy is neurological re-education to assist the normalization of the developing, or developed, craniofacial structures and function. It is related to the study, research, prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of functional and structural alterations in the region of the mouth (oro), face (facial) and regions of the neck (oropharyngeal area).”
To the rest of us that means, a series of exercises to re-teach you how to chew, swallow, breathe, and stop bad oral habits (like finger sucking, lip licking, nail biting or cheek biting). When these things are done incorrectly they create negative pressure that changes the shape of the bone. They can alter sleeping and breathing. Just like physical therapy re-educates your muscles, and weight training makes your muscles stronger, myofunctional therapy re-educates your lips, tongue and oral muscles, and makes them stronger.
Myofunctional therapy improves tongue placement, breathing, speaking, chewing and swallowing, which can have a huge impact on their overall health and wellbeing.